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  1. 1. What Are the Main Artifacts of Scrum?
  2. 2. The Main Artifacts of Scrum
  3. 3. Related Terms/Concepts
  4. 4. Conclusion
  5. 5. Frequently Asked Questions About Artifacts

Definition: Artifacts in Scrum are tangible deliverables that provide key information to all stakeholders involved in a Scrum project, ensuring transparency and understanding.

Artifacts are integral to the Scrum framework, a popular approach to agile project management. They serve as reference points that guide the development process and help ensure everyone involved in a Scrum project has a shared understanding of what is being built, the work that needs to be done, and the plan for doing it.

These artifacts enhance transparency and facilitate communication among the team members and stakeholders, contributing significantly to the project’s overall productivity.

What Are the Main Artifacts of Scrum?

Scrum artifacts are critical for tracking progress and creating a shared understanding among team members and stakeholders. They act as information radiators, ensuring that crucial details are visible and clear to all those involved in the project. The main artifacts of Scrum include the Product Backlog, the Sprint Backlog, and the Increment.

The Product Backlog is a prioritized list of features, enhancements, bug fixes, and other changes that could be made to the product in future releases. The Sprint Backlog is the set of Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint, plus a plan for delivering them. The Increment is the sum of all the Product Backlog items completed during a Sprint and all previous Sprints, which should be in a usable state by the end of a Sprint.

Understanding these artifacts is not just about recognizing their existence; it’s about grasping their strategic role in driving the project forward and delivering value to the customer.

The Main Artifacts of Scrum

The primary artifacts of Scrum are designed to foster collaboration, ensure a high level of transparency, and promote a continuous flow of value. Each artifact embodies a specific set of properties and purposes within the Scrum process.

  • The Product Backlog is dynamic and constantly evolving as the project progresses, reflecting changes in business requirements, market demands, and insights gained from previous Sprints. It represents a living document that the Product Owner manages, ensuring the most valuable and immediate needs are ready for the team to address.
  • The Sprint Backlog is established at the beginning of each Sprint during the Sprint Planning meeting. It is a forecast by the team about what functionality will be in the next Increment and the work needed to deliver that functionality into a “Done” Increment.
  • The Increment is a step towards a vision or goal and must be in a usable condition regardless of whether the Product Owner decides to release it. It provides a clear measurement of progress during a Sprint and acts as a benchmark for assessing what has been accomplished.

Understanding the purpose and management of these artifacts is crucial for anyone involved in Scrum to effectively contribute to the project’s success.

  • Scrum Team: Comprises the Product Owner, the Scrum Master, and the Development Team, working together to deliver product increments.
  • Definition of Done (DoD): A shared understanding among the Scrum Team of what it means for work to be complete, ensuring transparency and quality.
  • Sprint: A time-boxed period during which a specific set of work must be completed and made ready for review.


The artifacts of Scrum provide structure and clarity, facilitating productive and efficient project management within the agile framework.

By maintaining and utilizing these artifacts effectively, Scrum teams can ensure transparency, improve stakeholder engagement, and successfully navigate the complex process of software development.

Frequently Asked Questions About Artifacts

What Is the Role of the Product Backlog in Scrum?

The Product Backlog is the main list of work that needs to be done on the project. It is prioritized by the Product Owner and is used to draw work for each Sprint. It is continually updated and refined to reflect the latest understanding of the project requirements.

How Does the Sprint Backlog Differ From the Product Backlog?

While the Product Backlog contains everything that might be needed in the product, the Sprint Backlog is the subset of items chosen for the current Sprint, along with a plan for delivering them. It is more detailed and focused, representing the team’s commitment for the duration of the Sprint.

When Is an Increment Considered Complete in Scrum?

An Increment is considered complete when it meets the Scrum Team’s Definition of Done. This means that all the necessary work for the selected Product Backlog items has been completed and the Increment is potentially releasable, meeting the quality standards set by the team.

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